The Incas were a kick ass civilisation until the Spanish conquistadores came along and kicked their ass. The book I’m reading on the fall of the Inca empire basically reads like a retelling of an epic, if one sided, game of Civilization. So far it goes like this…
The Inca were the dominant civilisation in South America. Because of their harsh environment they focused their development of technologies on things like bridge building, pottery and bronze working. They were all about the mysticism and agriculture. Their only immediate enemies were barbarians. They captured their cities and benefited from the treasure they found there. However there were occasional civil disorders within the Inca empire, often due to complaints about taxation. This was the case on the day a Spanish naval unit arrived on the coast.
The Inca were stunned to find the Spanish unit contained knights, for they had not developed the horse riding technology. There was only a single Spanish naval unit but the knights it contained were able to progress without incident to a major Inca city. The Inca warriors and militia were no match for the Spanish knights who conquered the city, captured the Inca emperor and used it as a base for further conquests.
Reinforced with more knights arriving by sea the Spanish moved South and then North to conquer other Inca cities. As settlers followed their military units they founded their own capital on the continent and called it Lima.