The Wayuu historically inhabited parts of Colombia and Venezuela. Because of this, they are now allowed to travel freely between these two countries, without passports, and can work in either. In Cabo de la Vela, for example, there’s about a fifty fifty mix of Colombian and Venezuelan cars.
Despite the freedom to move anywhere in two different countries, many (if not most) of the Wayuu stay in their traditional areas. This despite the fact that it’s a desert that can go without rain for years at a time, and a lifestyle that’s very different from the telenovelas we saw many watching. Free immigration facilitates more movement of people, but it doesn’t mean everyone packs up and moves. Cultural ties to land and family are an important factor in determining where folk live.